Where does China get its energy from?History of Energy Sources:Coal, oil and natural gas are all from the remains of plants and animals which lived a millions of years ago. Moreover gas and oil come from the remains of plants and animals, for instance plankton.Heat is taken in by the plankton (and light) from the Sun.Sea animals and plants used the gas – carbon dioxide (Co2) – to switch the heat and light with food. When the sea animals/plants died, they fell on the seabed and thick layers of sand and mud covered them.Over the very long period of time (millions of years) the layers of mud and sand turned them into hard rock. The bodies of animals and plants contain hydrogen, carbon (C) and oxygen (O) which were left behind when the plants and animals died. The remaining carbon and hydrogen (H) is turned into hydrocarbons. Dead tree and animals sank to the bottom of prehistoric swamps.China is the world’s largest energy consumer, in 2005-2010; China had 62% of global energy, 65% of oil increase and 91% of coal increase. China uses a lot of renewables, especially hydro-electric power. Over the last thirty years, China’s energy transition has decreased in carbon economy: less coal and oil, more gas and many more renewables. Coal is still accounted for almost 70% in China’s fuel mix, although it is the dirtiest form of energy. This is compared around 30% in the UK and 20% in the US.The low(er) carbon fuels, including gas, non-hydro renewable and nuclear energies remain relatively marginal. China is still largely self-sufficient with energy supplies, because of its rich coal endowment. The exception is oil: now about 60% barrels of oil they consume are imported from a range of countries. Their import of gas is climbing fast too. This trend will go on, unless, for example, they can find a way to tap into their enormous difficult oil and gas. But large-scale commercial production of these resources is unlikely before 2020 (www.rgs.org, 2017). China’s Energy Comparison to other countriesAmericans make up only 4.5% of the world’s population and yet consume nearly 20% of its energy. In fact, on average, every time an American spends a dollar, the energy equivalent of a cup of oil is used to produce what that dollar buys. Consequently, the United States has been singled out for comparison here. Its energy consumption is very powerful.The Trump administration takes the U.S. out of the Paris climate change agreement, suggesting it will ruin the American economy; millions of dollars are being invested by Beijing.China has helped the growth of the majority of industries that sell their products around the world by building vast solar and wind farms, which boost energy and electricity. In Addition, Kenya has 19% of oil, 81% of renewables 0% of nuclear, gas and coal. Finally, UK and Germany are MEDCs (More Economically Developed Countries) therefore they reserve more nuclear, gas and coal. This demonstrates that these countries are more likely to afford/have education, healthcare, jobs, etc., and some countries in Asia and Africa are less likely to. For instance, Kenya is a LEDC (Low Economically Developed Country) therefore it is very low in nuclear, gas and coal. Problems created through China’s Energy UseGlobal Warming: Global warming is a type of energy that causes the Earth’s surface to get hotter and hotter (increasing the surface’s temperature), this has happened ever since the 20th century (homeguides.sfgate.com, 2017). Global Warming is occurring because of: • Carbon dioxide and Methane are at their highest levels and these gases can eventually be increased because of burning fossil fuels.• Warmest year – 1998.• Rising sea levels.• More tropical storms.• Species aren’t able to adapt to new conditions, causing extinction.• Severe Droughts.What is the greenhouse effect?The greenhouse effect is when the sun’s energy hits the ground; some of it absorbed and the rest of it being reflected into space. All of these points are concerning as they can lead to health and environments issues which can potentially lead to death/extinction.Moreover, China is the world’s largest coal producer accounting for 28% of world coal production and 26% of world coal consumption. China is the third largest consumer of oil and is estimated to have the world’s sixth largest proven reserves of oil. China possesses roughly 9.4% of the world’s installed electricity generation capacity. China’s size and compositions of energy use is reflected in carbon dioxide emissions. China is estimated to emit 13% of global carbon emission from fossil fuels (www.brookings.edu). This is worrying as most of the information above illustrates that China technically is the energy controller and supporter for most countries, therefore without China’s energy use; A lot of countries would not be as powerful in terms of energy. On the other hand, burning fossils fuels increase the level of greenhouses such as methane and carbon dioxide; therefore it is more likely for there to be global warming. This is dangerous as global warming is gradually melting the world.How has the world reacted to China’s energy problemsThe world has been particularly reacting about how global warming might cause an effect to humans, animals and the environment as global warming can potentially cause deaths and illnesses. For instance, between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress (www.who.int). China Alternative Energy Sources• Biofuel• Biomass• Geothermal• Hydropower• Solar energy • Tidal power• Wave power• Wind power(en.wikipedia.org).Solutions to China’s Energy ProblemsTo improve China’s environment quickly, China must shift all coal burning for energy to power plants. This would make good sense in the current environment of overcapacity. China’s power plants saw their capacity utilisation rate dropped by 7.5 per cent in the first three quarters of last year. In 2016, the decline will be even more severe. If coal burning was moved to power plants, it would use up the existing capacity. There would be limited additional cost for the economy in general. A quick solution would be to shift vehicles to natural gas. It would decrease the number of vehicles and could achieve a big difference quickly. Unfortunately, politics is working the other way. While the natural gas price has collapsed somewhere else, it is still very high in China, because Chinese energy companies signed supply deals at high prices and are sticking to them to pass the losses to consumers. As China’s oil price is more responsive to international prices, there has been a shift from gas to oil, which is terrible for the environment (www.scmp.com).My Opinion on China’s Energy UseIn my opinion, there is no doubt that China’s energy use is very contributing, generous and complex. Some evidence that supports my point is that: • China has helped fuel the growth of the majority of industries that sell their products around the world by building vast solar and wind farms.• China is the world’s largest energy consumer, in 2005-2010; China had 62% of global energy, 65% of oil increase and 91% of coal increase. China uses a lot of renewables, especially hydro-electric power.• China is the world’s largest coal producer accounting for 28% of world coal production and 26% of world coal consumption.Therefore, people worldwide have been/will be respecting, talking and knowing about how great China is for energy particularly and this will result in even more fame than before. Furthermore, China is famous for many more things in general such as:• Toys• Crockery (China)• Food• Technology • And many more.