The their home country. According to Van Klooster (2014),

The shock has been researched in the framework of
higher education mainly among global learners (Furnham, 2004). The main impact
of culture shock can be seen on students adapting completely to a new or to a different
culture (Zhou, 2008). Berry (1990) stated that adaptation commonly known as
changes that occur in a person or a group of individuals as a reaction to
surrounding demands.  If the adaption is positive,
it can lead to a successful stay in the new environment (Berry, 1990, p.13). While
negative adaption can prompt to unsuccessful stay (Smith & Khawaja, 2011). If
an international student experiences culture shock, the chances of feeling
satisfied is lower. Also. The probability of adapting the education system and the
new society is also lower.

 

Other impacts of culture shock on students frequently
include various side effects. Although not all individuals will undergo all the
culture shock symptoms, nearly all individuals will undergo some parts. The
main symptoms might be described as “depression, anxiety and a feeling of
helplessness” (Mio, 1999). If the above mentioned symptoms accumulate, the
level as well as the extent of psychological disorientation could be profound,
so that individuals might face challenges in paying attention to the learning
of new cultures. Additionally, psychological disorientation could affect the individual’s
capabilities to solve issues as well as to make decisions. This lowers the
motivation for adjusting to the new conditions. Importantly, when individuals
fail to overcome the symptoms of culture shock, the individuals are likely to
become unfriendly to local citizens, which might lead to barrier in building
relationship with others (Ferraro, 2006). An effective preparation “Pre-departure”
for culture shock before travelling abroad, can lower the psychological stress
in individuals. Making good use of this stage “Pre-departure”, the effect of
culture shock on individual’s psychology will decrease (Xia, 2009).

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Culture shock is
considered as a major influencer on the way a foreign student is able to adjust
to new environments which are culturally dissimilar in comparison with their
home country. According to Van Klooster (2014), “this does not necessarily mean
that culture shock is always negative” (p. 14). Although in the beginning the
changes as well as variations can generate stress, weaknesses as well as
psychological disorientation which could be unsettling, the study reveals that
there is a proof that identification of culture shock can in fact be a positive
stage in developing better cultural understanding (Golay, 2006). As a matter of
fact, culture shock can be a means of explosively identifying diversity but
that this process can be a foundation for cultural immersion and adaptation,
once the initial shock has been recognized as well as dealt with. In this regard,
Pedersen (1995) advocated that there in fact five main stages of Culture Shock
explained in the table below: