The Arab- Israeli conflict has lasted for many years due to major cultural and religious differences. It refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel. The main cause of the modern Arab–Israeli conflict are bound in the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism towards the end of the 19th century. Territories regarded by the Jewish people as their historical homeland are also regarded by the Pan-Arab movement as historically and currently belonging to the Palestinians, and in the Pan-Islamic context as Muslim lands. Some groups who opposed the peace process bring up religious arguments for their certain positions. The contemporary history of the Arab–Israeli conflict is very much affected by the religious beliefs of the various sides and their views of the idea of the chosen people in their policies with regard to the “Promised Land” and the “Chosen City” of Jerusalem. Muslims also claim rights to Jerusalem because of the Quran. Opposing Jewish claim that the land was promised only to the descendants of Abraham’s son Isaac, they argue that the Land of Canaan was promised from the elder son, Ishmael, from whom Arabs say they are decent from. (PBS.org / Internet source) Additionally, Muslims also revere many sites holy for Biblical Israelites, such as the Cave of the Patriarchs and the Temple Mount. In the past 1,400 years, Muslims have constructed Islamic landmarks on these ancient Israelite sites, such as the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism. This has brought the two groups into conflict over the rightful possession of Jerusalem. Muslim teaching is that Muhammad passed through Jerusalem on his first journey to heaven. Hamas, which governs the Gaza Strip, claims that all of the land of Palestine is an Islamic that must be governed by Muslims. Christian Zionists often support the State of Israel because of the ancestral right of the Jews to the Holy Land. The Arab nations started wars against Israel: 1948 War of Independence, 1956 Sinai War, and 1967 Six Day War.After the Arab-Israeli War of 1947 Israeli War of 1947 Israeli War of 1947-1948, Palestine was divided into the areas you see here. Jewish Israelis, whose ancestors began migrating to the area in the 1880s, say their claim to the land is based on a promise from God, and also for the need for a safe haven from widespread hostility toward the Jewish people . The Palestinian Arabs say they are the rightful inhabitants of the land because their ancestors have lived there for hundreds of years. The Gaza Strip is a rectangle shaped region along the Mediterranean coast between Israel and Egypt. The majority of its approximately 1.4 million Palestinian refugees, 80 percent were estimated to be living in poverty in mid-2007. Under the Oslo peace accords signed in 1993, Gaza was turned over to the newly created Palestinian Authority, to form one Authority wing of an emerging Palestinian state, along with the West Bank and a potential land corridor between them. (YouTube) Two different parties rules these two regions—the militant Hamas controlled Gaza and Fatah ruled the West Bank. Many Israeli settlers remained in Gaza. In September 2005 the Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon, withdrew all Israeli settlers from Gaza, making it the first territory completely in Palestinian hands. Israel, however, kept tight control over all border crossings and continued to conduct raids. In January 2006, Hamas won a surprise victory in the Palestinian parliamentary election ousting the Fatah government. Then in a burst of fighting in June 2007 in which more than 100 people were killed, Hamas gunmen routed the Fatah forces, and took control of Gaza outright. Israel, which had refused to recognize the Hamas government they responded by clamping down even tighter on the flow of goods and people in and out of the territories. By June 2008, Hamas and Israel were both ready to reach some sort of accommodation, and the six-month truce was declared, although never formally defined. Their job, the Hamas officials said, was to stop rocket attacks on Israel not only attacks from its own armed groups, but also from others based in Gaza, including Islamic Jihad and Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades. It took some days, but they were largely successful. Hamas imposed its will and even imprisoned some of those who were firing rockets. (Encyclopædia Britannica) The goods that were shipped only 25 to 30 percent including a mix of more items, never began to approach what Hamas thought it was going to get. Israel said it planned to increase the shipments in stages, and noted that the rockets never stopped completely. The height to which this conflict has gone too is a full out broken war between these regions. The fight between these Islamic groups all disagreeing and using their own means to fight for their cause. All in all the conflict has lead to multiple interventions from around the world. However, the governments of the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, France, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic and Netherlands expressed support for Israel’s right to defend itself, and/or condemned the Hamas rocket attacks on Israel. The US has made strong enemies such as these terrorist groups that have seen the US as their main target. The conflict has been in rise due to nationalism and people not coming together and living peace. Instead they are being oppressive toward to each other and looking to conceive in anything. Modern generations can lead toward peace talks.