The the beginning days of performing their medicinal duties.

The technologies yielded through
new researched in pharmaceutics, genetics and clinical laboratory not only are
used for diseases diagnosis and treatment, but also they can be used to
strengthen human behaviors and capacities. The very important issue here is
that general trainings and required discussions should be held to make people
sensitive and stimulate ideas towards ethical aspects so that such advances
will lead to suitable usage and required constraints. The addressed questions
and discussions in this field have no easy and agreed response while some laws
have been prepared at international levels in this regard. They block major
ways of possible abuses and thereby people’s satisfaction, confidentiality and
individual access right to gained information should be precisely taken into
account. The progress of knowledge and promotion of technologies
in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases have faced the old medicine
with such profound changes that the modern physicians can’t continue their
living without relying on the modern methods and instruments. Physician give
hope, calmness and ataraxia to patient through public morals and good behavior
and helps the patient to recover as soon as possible. On the contrary, their
improper behavior leaves unpleasant effects on the soul and body of the
patient. For instance, discriminating among patients forms feeling
disillusionment, unsafety, anxiety and fear in them; so, it is emphasized that
the doctors try to have the same behavior with all the patients including the
rich, poor familiar and strange patients. The professors and instructors of
ethical courses should also advise the students of medicine about the dignity
and status of the patients through giving them their valuable experiences, also
explain them the reward and the bliss of sitting beside the patient and
honestly checking the patients soul and body, so that good and humane behavior
of a physician with a patient forms basically from the beginning days of
performing their medicinal duties. The way of logging, collecting, storing and
reporting results should be consistent with general fundamentals. In process of
making decision for diagnosis or treatment, group help will have more benefits
for the patient and in case of any disagreements, the recommendations of
clinical ethics committee or an ethical consultant can be used. Being up to
date, explanation of the test and results, keeping the information confidential
are of important cases in this regard. Awareness of laboratories managers and
employees with ethical behavior fundamentals will play a substantial role in
their optimized and standard performance and respecting human dignity. Training
laboratory ethical fundamentals in medical and allied health schools should be
held for the students related to such fields of study at all university degrees
as well as healthcare staff (particularly laboratory staff and managers) and
thereby such ethical fundamental should be followed. The growth of such fields
as pharmaceutics and laboratory sciences in recent years makes the subject
importance and ethics appreciation more meaningful in this regard. Ethics plays
a vital role in all phases of laboratory work. In a study in United States,
clinical laboratory educators stated that current education of professional
ethics to the students was not sufficient. Instructors generally believed that
this time was not sufficient for such vital issues. The study suggested that
departments and faculties should ensure adequate ethical issues are taught
during lectures, or else these issues should be included as a separate and
special course elsewhere in the curriculum. Programs to improve educational
curriculum of laboratory medicine usually emphasize on learning new techniques.
In addition to such developing techniques, these programs should also enhance
students’ professional attitude toward different aspects of ethics. On the
other hand, issues, which are not entirely consistent with professional ethics,
may occasionally occur in the laboratory. Some of these events may have serious
ethical consequences. The laboratory employees should be familiar with these
issues and be prepared to deal with such cases based on ethical principles. Proper
laboratory communication with the patients and physicians is possible only if
appropriate professional goals with the emphasis on ethical attitudes are
well-defined for the laboratory personnel. It has even been proposed that
healthcare systems should establish laboratory ethical committees in order to
further the teaching of such topics to the laboratory personnel, develop
appropriate policies and offer consultation, in case of the emergence of
ethical dilemmas in the laboratory . Laboratories should consider and respect
different aspects of patients’ rights including physical and mental security as
well as information and privacy concerns. The importance of laboratory test
results is clear for all health system workers. For example, in many cases, the
laboratory result determines the type of treatment for a patient. Indeed the
close relationship between the laboratory and the bedside makes clear the
importance of medical ethics for clinical laboratory. To summarize, ethical
issues are one of the most remarkable principles of professionalism. Teaching
these principles will result in graduation of more successful laboratory
personnel, and ultimately, a better laboratory service for the community.