In conclusion, the chain of responsibility when dealing
with a terrorist attack; whether it involves an IED, bomb or other weapons,
goes to state and local governments. The federal government will provide assistance
depending the nature of the incident and whether they have exhausted their recourses.
It is important for all agencies to practice good and effective communication,
execute adequate training and review plans to ensure they measure up to the
current threats America faces. From the lowest level to the higher agencies, our
preparation is vital to prevent future deaths and injuries on American soil by
those who wish to harm our country.
The federal government also
responds to terrorist’s attacks and divides them into the categories of crisis management and consequence management. Similar
to the events of the World Trade Center bombing in 1993 and the September 11th
terrorists attack, crisis management in short terms, means going after the
criminals in order to prevent additional terrorist acts from being carried out.
More importantly, to eliminate them as a threat to society. Crisis management is
headed by The Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Consequence
management includes the measures to protect public health and safety. It restores
important and much needed government services, and provides emergency relief to
governments and individuals, during and post attacks. The lead agency for
consequence management is the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s
(FBI) job is inform the president of the United States (POTUS) of their response
and their involvement in the said incident. In addition, the FBI coordinates and
disseminates all intelligence, information to local law enforcement agencies in
order to maintain situational awareness and maintain working and successful relationships
coordination amongst all agencies. It is important that the FBI provides intelligence
information of terrorist, criminal threats all threats in general, to local
agencies in order to prevent future attacks, spread intelligence information in
order for everyone to maintain situational awareness on all details as they
come along. Good communication amongst all responding agencies is crucial,
especially before any significant incident occurs. The exercise of delivering
good information allows for training, preparedness and all agencies remaining vigilant
while sharing information.
In an event such as the bombing of several train/ subway
stations within New York City, government officials will react and provide
assistance with their available recourses. With a significant terrorist attack,
the Mayor has the option to seek out to the Governor and State Government for
assistance. The Mayor will continue to provide assistance in the recovery of
the incident. In addition, the Governor
has the option to utilize the National Guard in order to assist the community. The
Governor may further seek assistance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation
in order to obtain federal assistance, especially after all available resources
have been expended.
There are several threats
that are imposed upon the United States which create serious concerns and
threats to our everyday life. Discontent and violent domestic and international
individuals and groups are more than willing to create mass casualties and
further cause harm towards the public and all responders. In the event of a terrorist
attack, the first responders in any emergency is the city which includes the
fire department, emergency medical personnel and police. Upon their arrival to
the scene/ attack, their job is to assist those that are injured as a result of
the attack that took place as well as rescuing people and identifying the
deceased. In addition, they secure the scene and suppress fires, if it applies.
They assume responsibility in restoring the area and control the situation by
all legal means. Local fireman, police and EMS work hand in hand to assist the
community as best as they can with all available resources along with the
assistance of state government officials.
Earlier this morning at rush hour in New York
City, terrorists remotely exploded several IEDs located in different stops in
the subway system. Ten explosions rocked through three commuter trains during
the morning rush, at 0600, 5 January, 2018. Information by local authorities
indicate the explosions were caused by homemade bombs made from bags stuffed
with explosives and metal fragments. In addition, cell phones with timers were
used to detonate these explosive devices. The attack, which was carried out by
violent Islamist extremists, killed at least 100 people and leaving more seriously
injured. The chain of events initiated a
quick reaction by the local and state governments; including local law
enforcement (police), Emergency Management S and fire department in the response
measures. Department of Homeland
Security (DHS), Federal Bureau of investigation.