Alice is sitting in a great arm-chair, watching how Dinah, the black cat, washes her little white kitten. She sees how the kitten doesn’t like the washing and how it plays with the ball of worsted, that Alice had been trying to wind up. She picks up the kitten and starts talking to it, while winding up the worsted again. She tells it that there will be a bonfire tomorrow. Then Alice begins talking about the kitten’s bad manners and that she wants to punish it for all its bad favors at the end of the year. While looking through the window, Alice admires the snow. She imagines about the house, she can see through the looking-glass. The house is a backwards version of the house she is living in. Alice wonders what that house looks like and pretends the glass is melting, so she can get through it. And it really happens! Alice is in the Looking-Glass World now and notices how the chess pieces are walking by the hearth. She sits down and discovers that the living chess pieces are not able see her. She picks up the queen and puts her down on the table beside her daughter. The queen is shocked and warns the white king. See page 15: ‘As soon as she had recovered her breath a little, she called out to the White King, who was sitting sulkily among the ashes, ‘Mind the volcano!’ ‘What volcano?’ said the King, looking up anxiously into the fire, as if he thought that was the most likely place to find one.’ She did the same with the king, who is also startled by this experience of being lifted by an invisible hand. He wants to write down this memory in his notebook, but Alice holds his pencil onto the end of it and writes down her own memory. Then she opens a book that was lying on the table and tries to read the poem. She discovers that the words are printed backwards and uses a mirror to read the poem. She doesn’t understand it, and decides to go outside.Chapter 2Alice walks to the top of a hill, where she can see the whole garden. She discovers that it doesn’t matter which way she walks. She always comes back to the house again. Alice doesn’t want to enter the house anymore and walks to a group of flowers. She wishes that they could talk. Then, surprisingly, the Tiger-Lily replies to her. See page 24: ‘We can talk,’ said the Tiger-lily: ‘when there’s anybody worth talking to.’ Alice was so astonished that she could not speak for a minute: it quite seemed to take her breath away. At length, as the Tiger-lily only went on wav- ing about, she spoke again, in a timid voice— almost in a whisper. ‘And can all the flowers talk?’ ‘As well as you can,’ said the Tiger-lily. ‘And a great deal louder.’ ‘It isn’t manners for us to begin, you know,’ said the Rose, ‘and I really was wondering when you’d speak! Said I to myself, “Her face has got some sense in it, thought it’s not a clever one!” Still, you’re the right colour, and that goes a long way.’ ‘I don’t care about the colour,’ the Tiger-lily remarked. ‘If only her petals curled up a little more, she’d be all right.’ Alice asks them if they are afraid of being so alone and vulnerable in this garden. The flowers tell her that the tree protects them by barking. Alice is still amazed that she is talking with flowers and they tell her that every single flower can talk, but in most gardens they are always sleeping, due to the soft beds. The Alice asks if there are any more people in the garden. The flowers tell her that there is another girl like her, who is more bushy and has thorns around her head. The the red queen, with her spiky crown, comes walking around the corner. She is now just as big as Alice herself. Alice tries to walk to her, but every time she tries, she ends up in front of the house again. The flowers tell her that she has t walk in the opposite direction. And it works! The queen asks her where she wants to go, but she keeps interrupting Alice until she falls silent. Together, they walk to the top of the hill. While looking out across the whole country, she discovers that everything is just a huge chessboard. Alice would love to play a chess game. The queen tells her that she can be the white pawn, because her daughter is still too young to play. At this moment, they somehow begin to run, until Alice is out of breath. The queen explains that in this Looking-Glass world, you need to run to keep in the same place. Later, when they start the chess game, the queen is telling Alice what to do. She walks and walks over the squares, until she loses the queen. Now she is alone in the eight square.?Chapter 3Alice wants to make a big survey of the country she was going to travel through. While observing the geography, she sees elephants pollinating huge flowers, just like bees. Alice is a little afraid of those elephants, so she decides to go the other way. She walks to the third square and jumps over a small brook and suddenly she is travelling by train. The guard is asking every passenger for their ticket. Alice hasn’t got one and which makes the guard pissed off. He observes Alice through a telescope, the through a microscope and then through an opera-glass. At last he says that she is travelling the wrong way and leaves her alone. The man facing her says that a young girl should know where she is going. Alice’s ignorance causes the animals in the train making rude comments about her. Then they hear a squeal from the engine. The horse tells Alice what it is. See page 41: ‘The Horse, who had put his head out of the win- dow, quietly drew it in and said, ‘It’s only a brook we have to jump over.’ Everybody seemed satisfied with this, though Alice felt a little nervous at the idea of trains jumped at all. ‘However, it’ll take us into the Fourth Square, that’s some comfort!’ she said to herself.’ In another moment she feels the carriage rise straight up into the air and she suddenly finds herself sitting under a tree, talking with the gnat. It shows Alice some insects from the Looking-Glass world and tells her that the animals in the wood have no names. The gnat also keeps making jokes until it gets sadder and sadder. Then it disappears. Alice goes her way into the wood in the fourth square, where she indeed loses her name. She wonders if she will get a new name. Then she meets a fawn. While chatting, they walk on together through the wood, Alice with her arms clasped around the neck of the fawn. Then they come out into an open field, where the fawn remembers that it should be afraid of her and runs away. Now, Alice has to decide where to go next. She sees that two sign-posts are pointing to the Tweedledee’s house and the Tweedledum’s. Alice walks in the direction of these two houses, where she looks at two fat little men standing together.?Chapter 4Alice is watching the for a couple of minutes. She can read their names on their collars. Then, one of them says that Alice should pay for looking at them. The other one says that she otherwise should talk to them. Alice apologizes and asks them for the best way out of the wood, but they refuse to tell her. The brothers say that they first have to shake hands and after that, they start dancing and singing around in a ring. When they stop dancing, Tweedledee asks Alice if she likes poetry. She definitely does, which makes the brothers want do recite a poem. Alice tries to interrupt them, asking the way out of the woods, but they still ignore her. Minutes later, while discussing about poem they just sang, Alice hears a strange noise. See page 58: ‘Here she checked herself in some alarm, at hearing something that sounded to her like the puffing of a large steam-engine in the wood near them, thought she feared it was more likely to be a wild beast. ‘Are there any lions or tigers about here?’ she asked timidly. ‘It’s only the Red King snoring,’ said Tweedledee. ‘Come and look at him!’ the brothers cried, and they each took one of Alice’s hands, and led her up to where the King was sleeping. ‘Isn’t he a lovely sight?” said Tweedledum. Alice couldn’t say honestly that he was. He had a tall red night-cap on, with a tassel, and he was lying crumpled up into a sort of untidy heap, and snoring loud— ‘fit to snore his head off!’ as Tweedledum remarked. ‘ Alice decides to leave the woods, because it is getting dark and rainy. Tweedledum stops her and shows her his broken rattle, which has been broken by Tweedledee. He is very angry about that and wants to have a battle with his brother. They decide to battle until dinner and ask Alice to help them put on their armor and step back. Just when they’re about to fight, a huge crow appears. Alice run into the wood, where she finds a scarf blowing away in the wind and catches it.?Chapter 5Alice gives the scarf back to its owner, the white queen, who runs after it. She remarks that the white queen should have a lady’s maid. After deciding that Alice could do this job, they get confused about the terms. The white queen will offer jam every other day, which would mean that it’s never the day for the jam. The white queen explains that, in Looking-Glass world, effects happen before causes. While discussing about this strange order of things, the white queen suddenly starts screaming and shaking her hand, saying that her finger is bleeding. Then, she pricks her finger on the pin of her brooch, which makes her stop crying. This confirms that things happen backwards. Later on, the queen asks Alice’s age. She says she’s seven and a half and the queen answers that she is 101 years old. Alice can’t believe this age, but the queen tells her that she used to practice believing impossible things when she was a child. Then, they walk on together and Alice says that she hopes the Queen’s finger is better. The Queen repeats the word “better”, until it becomes a bleat. When they are at a shop in Fifth Square, the queen turns into a sheep. Apparently, she, the sheep, is the shopkeeper. Alice can’t really tell what is being sold, because everything keeps moving around. The sheep is knitting with fourteen pairs of needles at once, and asks Alice if she can row. When she tries to explain that she can only row on water, she suddenly finds herself in a boat holding oars. After a while, they drift among some beautiful rushes. See page 72: ‘ ‘Oh, please! There are some scented rushes!’Alice cried in a sudden transport of delight. ‘There really are— and such beauties!’ ‘You needn’t say “please” to me about ’em’ the Sheep said, without looking up from her knitting: ‘I didn’t put ’em there, and I’m not going to take ’em away.’ ‘No, but I meant— please, may we wait and pick some?’ Alice pleaded. ‘If you don’t mind stopping the boat for a minute.’ ‘How am I to stop it?’ said the Sheep. ‘If you leave off rowing, it’ll stop of itself. So the boat was left to drift down the stream as it would, till it glided gently in among the waving rushes. And then the little sleeves were carefully rolled up, and the little arms were plunged in elbow-deep to get the rushes a good long way down before breaking them off— and for a while Alice forgot all about the Sheep and the knitting, as she bent over the side of the boat, with just the ends of her tangled hair dipping into the water— while with bright eager eyes she caught at one bunch after another of the darling scented rushes. ‘ After that, they are suddenly back at the shop and the sheep asks Alice what she wants to buy. She buys an egg with the money that she somehow finds in her pocket and the sheep tells her that she has to get it herself. When Alice walks toward the egg, it seems further and further away, until she finds herself walking through the wood. She crosses a brook, which means she’s in the Sixth Square now.?Chapter 6The egg is getting very large. When Alice gets closer she realizes that it is Humpty Dumpty from a verse she knows. She says aloud how much he looks like an egg, which is irritating him very much. Alice explains that eggs can be very pretty, but Humpty Dumpty is still offended. He asks her to tell her name and business. When Alice says tells her name, he wants to know what it means. He tells her that ‘Humpty Dumpty’ indicates his shape, but ‘Alice’ doesn’t. When Alice warns Humpty Dumpty about the dangers of sitting on a wall, he explains that there is no possible chance he could fall off. And the king has promised, that if he did, he would send all of his horses and his men. Alice knows the horses and the men from the rhyme, which makes Humpty Dumpty a little angry, because he thinks he is spying on him. They get lost from the conversation, so they decide to start over. After talking about her age, Alice changes the subject and tries to compliment Humpty Dumpty on his cravat. She can’t really decide if it is a cravat or a belt. This makes him even more offended and he tells her that it’s a cravat, he got from the white king and queen as a gift for is un-birthday. He explains that he prefers un-birthdays because you get 364 un-birthdays and only one real birthday. During the conversation, Humpty Dumpty starts using fancy words and explains every meaning of them. He thinks you can make words mean many different thinks, but Alice isn’t sure about that. He explains that he pays the words extra much, when they work really hard. Then Alice asks him to explain the meaning of a poem she read before, because he really seems to be good with words. He explains the poem called ‘Jabberwocky’ line by line and gives Alice every definition of every word she didn’t know. Humpty Dumpty also recites another poem to Alice, about fishes, and after that he abruptly says goodbye to Alice. Alice walks away and thinks that Humpty Dumpty is not really a satisfactory person. Suddenly, she hears something, again… See page 88: ‘ ‘Of all the unsatisfactory— ‘ (she repeated this aloud, as it was a great comfort have such a long word to say) ‘of all the unsatisfactory people I ever met— ‘ She never finished the sentence, for at this moment a heavy crash shook the forest from end to end. ‘Chapter 7Its a huge crowd of soldiers running through the wood and after them come a bunch of horses. Alice succeeds to escape from the stampede and finds her way to a clearing, where the white king is sitting. He is writing in his notebook and tells Alice that he indeed sent all his horses and all his men. Humpty Dumpty had fallen off the wall and is now going to put together again. The king wants Alice to search for the messengers, he sent into town. While Alice is looking in the distance, she sees a man. He is walking toward them, making strange gestures and the king says that these gestures are Anglosaxon attitude. The man’s name is Haigha, one of the messenger. When he arrives, the white king is a little disturbed by his strange gestures. The man has a bag of food, so they eat something and listen to what the messenger has to say. He tells them that the unicorn and the lion are fighting for the crown again. Alice knows them from a rhyme and asks if the winner gets the crown. They say no and hurry into town to see them fighting. There, they meet the other messenger, Hatta, who is also watching the fight. The unicorn and the lion take a break of ten minutes. The refreshments are just the same as in the rhyme. Then, the queen runs by very fast, like a queen can do in a chess game. The unicorn and the lion say hello to the king and the queen and when the unicorn sees Alice he’s astonished. He tells them that he thought children were imaginary monsters, to which Alice responds that she thought that about unicorns. From now on, they agree to believe in each other. Then, Alice helps out by handing around the the looking-glass plum cake, which has to be handed out first and cut afterwards. In the distance, drums begin to play and scare Alice, until she jumps to her feet, jumps over a brook, and lands in the Seventh Square.? Chapter 8Alice is taken prisoner by a red knight on a horse, when a white knight gallops up. He challenges the red knight to fight over Alice. The knights start fighting and Alice hides behind the tree. See watches the silly battle and sees how they are falling off their horses every once in a while. Suddenly the red knight gallops away, which probably means that the other one is victorious. He asks Alice if she wants to go with him to Eighth Square. She agrees and helps him take off his helmet. The knight explains her on of his inventions, like his storage box that is hung upside down, so the rain can’t get in. But it’s too bad everything has fallen out, so he hangs it on a tree to use it as a beehive instead. They talk about all the stuff he’s carrying with him, and start their journey. The knight asks Alice about her hair, because he has invented something that keeps hair from falling off by making it grow up sticks. He turns out to be a very bad rider, because he falls off by every sudden movement. Alice offends the knight by suggesting to use a wooden horse on wheels instead, because that would ride more smoothly. Moments later, after talking about many inventions, they arrive at The end of Seventh Square. Before Alice leaves, the knight offers to sing her a song about his daydreams and his strange inventions. When he finishes, he gives Alice directions and asks her to wave to him as he turns the corner. The knight leaves and Alice does what he said. She turns and jumps across the last of the brooks and finds herself in the Eight Square, where a enormous golden crown appears on her head.?Chapter 9Alice has become a queen now and when she tries to get used to the idea, the red and white queens are suddenly sitting on either side of Alice. They tell her that she has to pass an examination the become a real queen. Alice tries to talk to them, but every time she gets interrupted, until the queens invite each other to Alice’s dinner party. She didn’t even know about the party. Then, the white queen starts asking addition questions and the red queen starts asking subtraction questions. Alice loses count and says it’s impossible. The white queen gives her a division problem. She has to divide a loaf by a knife and before she can answer, the queen does: “bread and butter”. Then, the red queen asks her what happens when you subtract a bone from a dog and the answer is that the dog remains its temper, because he loses it and runs away. Alice asks the white queen if she can do these kind of sums, on which she answers that she can only do addition, but not subtraction. They start talking about the alphabet and the white queen brags that she can read words of only one letter. Then, she asks Alice about how to make bread and interrupts her every few words. The queens think that Alice must be a little feverish with so much thinking and begin fanning her madly. The queens continue asking more and more questions about silly things and telling stories about Looking-Glass world, until they fall asleep on her lap. They begin snoring and Alice doesn’t know what to. Then, the queens vanish and Alice finds herself standing in front of an arched doorway with the words “Queen Alice” over it. There are two bells. One for visitors and one for servants, but Alice doesn’t fit either category. Then, suddenly, a footman sticks his head out the door and says that she can’t get in until the week after next week and he shuts the door. Alice is ringing both bells, trying to get in, when a frog comes up from under a tree. She tells the old frog that she tries to get someone to answer the door and the frog asks her what the door has been asking. After arguing for a little while, the frog crawls away. Then, the door is flung open and Alice hears a song about her, welcoming queen Alice. She enters the hall and the crowd falls silent. It’s full of about fifty guests, including many of the creatures she met before. Alice joins the head of the table and the red queen tells her that she missed the first two courses of the meal. Then, the third course arrives at the table and the red queen introduces Alice to the joint, the leg of mutton. The mutton bows to Alice and she gives the slices to the other queens. They tell Alice that it is rude to cut someone she’s been introduced to and the waiters take the mutton away and bring in a plum pudding. Alice doesn’t want to be introduced to it, because she would like to eat it. The queen does it anyway and sends the pudding away. Alice orders the pudding brought back and cuts it to pieces. The pudding tells her that she is being impertinent and the red queen tells her to make a conversation. Alice tells the pudding that she has heard a lot of poems about the course of today. The white queen wants to recite another poem about fishes. Then they ask Alice to make a speech and while she does, the queens push from either side to make her rise up in the air. Everything and everyone starts growing and moving chaotically, until Alice pulls on the tablecloth. Everything shrinks and comes tumbling down in a big crash. The red queen runs around the table, and Alice decides to catch her and tells her she will shake her into a kitten. See page 132: ‘ She took her off the table as she spoke, and shook her backwards and forwards with all her might. The Red Queen made no resistance whatever; only her face grew very small, and her eyes got large and green: and still, as Alice went on shaking her, she kept on growing shorter— and fatter— and softer— and rounder— and — ‘Chapter 10While shaking the queen she starts getting smaller, softer and rounder…Chapter 11…and Alice notices that the queen has really turned into a kitten.Chapter 12Alice realizes that everything was just a big dream and she’s just sitting in the drawing room, holding Kitty, her black kitten. She walks to the chess board, where she finds the red queen and tries to make the kitten confess that it’s the red queen, but Kitten won’t answer. She tells her adventures Kitty and asks whether she herself dreamt the adventure, or whether they are just all characters in the red king’s dream. Which of them dreamt it?