A the text. He wrote ” When in the

A sonnet is a poem with a unique form, it has a specific structure. It is a type of poem which originated in italy. There are two types of sonnets, which are the Italian sonnet and the shakespearean sonnet. All sonnets are made up of 14 lines but each types are divided in different ways. An Italian sonnet is composed of an octet (8 lines) and a sestet (6 lines), while a Shakespearean sonnet is composed of three quatrains (4 lines each) and a couplet (2 lines). In my paper I will be analyzing sonnet 106 by William Shakespeare. Knowing that it is a shakespearean sonnet, I will be analyzing each of the quatrains and the couplet. I will determine the overall meaning of the sonnet as I am going through each parts of it. I will spot any literary techniques that may have been used in the sonnet and I will determine whether these techniques affect the overall meaning of the text or not. After analyzing the text’s meaning, I will dictate whether it tells us anything important about the author and I will  indicate what these things may be. The story in the sonnet has been told with two sentences, each of them representing a different period of time. The first sentence is a recollection of the past while the second sentence brings us back to the present. The first quatrain starts the first sentence,  in it Shakespeare  starts by talking about the past. He wrote that when he read certain older books which he described as beautiful, they were a description of the beauty of ladies that are now dead and also of lovely knights. The first quatrain has a clear message, there are no allegories or metaphors present, it is simply an introduction to what  Shakespeare will be addressing in the next quatrain. He mentions certain things in the first quatrain which are very important to understanding the text. He wrote ” When in the chronicle of wasted time, I see descriptions of the fairest wights” (ln 1). If taken literally this could mean that he is talking about an individual which is wasting time by being unproductive but Shakespeare is referring to a period of time that is now far gone in the past. It is a recollection of history.  He also wrote “beauty making beautiful old rhyme”; in this line he is describing the books as beautiful and they are beautiful because they have been inspired by beautiful people. (ln 3)In the second quatrain which is the second half of the first sentence, he gives more information about the contents of the books that he has read. He is addressing this poem to a person who is important to him, a loved one. He compares the beauty spoken of in those books to that of his loved one. He said that the beauty which  the writers speak of in their books is the beauty that his loved one possesses in the present. In the second quatrain Shakespeare mentions the parts which are most appealing to him in his loved ones body. These body parts are the hands, feet, lips, eyes and brow. He said that the description of these body parts in these books are the exact representation of his loved ones body. In other words those books from the past are an exact description of his loved ones beauty in the present. The two final lines of the quatrain caught my attention. Shakespeare wrote ” I see their antique pen would have expressed, Even such a beauty as you master now” (lns 7 -8). By calling their writings antique he puts them far back in time, in other words he may be considering them as out of date and he also seems rather impressed that these “antique writers” were able to so accurately describe such a beauty.The third quatrain starts the second sentence. There is an important shift in this quatrain, and this shift is called a volta. A volta divides a sonnet into two parts, it is defined as a turn of thought in a sonnet. Shakespeare is no longer speaking of the past and is now in the present. In this quatrain, Shakespeare is saying that the true purpose of those books is that they were prophecies of the present and they are all about his loved one. There seems to be a religious allegory in this quatrain. Shakespeare wrote ” so all their praises are but prophecies, of this our time, all you prefiguring,  and for they looked but with divining eyes, they had not skill enough your worth to sing” (lns 9-12). Shakespeare said in this quatrain that the writers of these books were writing prophecies of a beauty that they had not seen with their own eyes. This can be translated as Prophets writing about the coming of Jesus Christ on earth long before it had happened. He also said in this quatrain that the writers looked with divining eyes which allowed them to accurately describe such a beauty. This can be translated as prophets receiving divine inspiration which allowed them to foreshadow the Christ’s first coming on earth (Blake Jason Boulerice). If in fact Shakespeare meant to make this comparison, this shows us how high he viewed his loved one, considering he went as far as comparing them to Jesus Christ himself.Finally the couplet which finishes the last sentence. It serves as a conclusion to the text. In the couplet shakespeare finishes the sonnet by saying ” for we, which now behold these present days, have eyes to wonder, but lack tongues to praise” (lns 13-14). By saying this, Shakespeare is criticizing his own writing skills.  He is saying that even though he has the opportunity to see this person’s beauty, he lacks the skills to write about it as well as the other writers have done it. This shows us that he acknowledges those writer’s works, he speaks himself down to being unable to write as well as they did.  This couplet show’s us Shakespeare’s humbling nature, he spoke himself down and praised the other authors. It also shows us how much he loved this person, saying that he lacks the skills to write about their beauty even though he is a great writer himself.The message which Shakespeare wanted to get through with this poem was that his loved one was so beautiful that there was no way to truly describe their beauty. The ancient writers had the right words but were only guessing, while Shakespeare himself who saw this person could not find the right words to describe their beauty. I find this somewhat ironic because saying that he lacks the skills to write about this person is a good way to praise and put emphasis on how beautiful they actually are.