“A a society.It played the role of storehouse. The

 

 “A library, to modify the famous
metaphor of Socrates, should be the delivery room for the birth of ideas-A
place where history comes to life”- Norman Cousins

 

A
library is a vast collection of sources of information ,made accessible to
particular community for borrowing. Now a days library is playing Important
role in education system.

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In English, the word “Library” means “a collection
of books for study, research, reference and recreation”. It is probably
derived from a Latin word ‘liber’ which means ‘a book’. The definition of
library has changed functions over a period of time with the change in its. Let
us see some of the definitions provided by different reference sources and the
scholars of Library and Information Science.

Library
is a place where the collection of information resources in print or in other
forms that is organized and made accessible for reading.There are many definations of library.
International Organization for Standardization has defined library as
“irrespective of the title, any organized collection of printed books and
periodicals or of any other graphic or audio-visual materials, and the services
of a staff to provide and facilitate the use of such materials as are required
to meet the informational, research, educational or recreational needs of its
users”. (Krishan Kumar; 1987; 1)

 Advances in Information Communication
Technology (ICT), particularly the World Wide Web (WWW) have seen the evolution
of the four automated
library, electronic library, digital library, virtual library and Hybrid
library etc.

“A physical space such as a building, part of a building,
room or rooms or such a place having collection or collections of intellectual
or literary output of a society such as manuscripts, books, periodicals,
newspapers, pamphlets, written or printed records, tape, artifacts or any
literary and artistic materials for reading, reference, or lending
purpose”.

Initially, library was considered a storehouse of books. The main
function of a library was to preserve the human thought and knowledge of a
society.It played the role of
storehouse. The ‘use’ or ‘utilization’ of the preserved knowledge was
not evident. But, as the society advanced, the use of the knowledge preserved
in the libraries became more evident.For past record people used to go to the library.

Many scholars defined the library .Hence, the definition given by
S. R. Ranganathan, father of library science in India, is more appropriate from
the perspective of use of library material and its preservation. Ranganathan
says” A library is a
public institution or establishment charged with the care of collection of
books and the duty of making them accessible to those who require to use
them”.S.R.Ranganathan
points out overall use of the library in the above definition. Here, the
term ‘book’ symbolizes the library collection which may be books, periodicals,
or any other material kept in a library.Day by day role of the library is changing in the new modern society.
The Oxford Dictionary defines library as “a building or room containing
collections of books, periodicals, and sometimes films and recorded music for
using or borrowing by the public or the members of an institution”.k materials, plastic or metal tapes, disks and programs