Before the
printing press was invented, any writings and drawings had to be made by hand. Using
a wide range of materials to transcribe books. It wasn’t just anyone who could
do this, a job like this was regularly reserved for scribes who lived and
worked in monasteries. 1300s-1400s, people had developed a very basic form of
printing which involved letters or images cut on blocks of wood which would then
be dipped in ink and stamped onto paper. Then the invention of printing press
and movable type came along which created a huge cultural impact. The Print technology
brought major change to the polishing and knowledge production in renaissance Europe
when it first began back in the 1450s. since then there has been a variety of
printing techniques that designers can use, like Wood Block, Letterpress, Offset,
Phototypesetting, Flexography, Inkjet, Silkscreen Printing and
man more. A good example of handmade print work is Sister Corita Kent, who was
an artist during the 1950s. Her prints featured phrases, incorporating
advertising images, slogans and many more. One of my favirout posters by Corita
Kent is the Come Alive, (1967) poster.  Alan
Kitching is another great graphic designer who uses handmade machines to create
his work. “I was never interested in printing, the first thing I’d say when I
came in to the studio in the morning was ‘I’m not interested in letterpress
printing, I’m interested in what you can do with this stuff.’ – Alan Kitching He’s
well known for his expressive use of wood and metal letterforms. He creates
great visual work and it makes me look at printmaking differently. I personally
hate creating print work hand made me look at things differently.